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【中国经济周刊】全国人大代表陈爱莲:一个万亿级市场异军突起

发布时间:2022-03-10 点击:278

quanguolianghuiqijian,quanguorendadaibiao、wanfengjituandongshijuzhuxichenailianzaijieshoucaifangshibiaoshi,jinniandezhengfugongzuobaogao,zaicijiangfazhanzhizaoyefangzaituchuweizhi,zhangxianleguojianulizuodazuoqiangzhizaoyedejuexinhexinxin,“zheifeichangzhenfenrenxin”。

chenailianrenwei,weilaidezhizaoyefazhanzhilujianggengjiazhuzhongti“zhi”,erfeidanchundejia“liang”。ruheti“zhi”?chenailiandehuidashi“chuangxin”。

更加重视制造业发展,是迫在眉睫的事

jinniandezhengfugongzuobaogaotichu,jianchibafazhanjingjizhelidianfangzaishitijingjishang,tuijinchanyejichugaojihua、chanyelianxiandaihua,baochizhizaoyebizhongjibenwending,gaizaotishengchuantongchanye,fazhanzhuangdazhanlvexingxinxingchanye,cujinfuwuyefanrongfazhan。

“zheicibaogaomingquetichu‘baochizhizaoyebizhongjibenwending’,yejiuyiweizhewoguodezhizaoyeshengchanzengsuyaoyujingjizengsujibentongbu,zheiyidianyouqinannengkegui。”chenailianshuo。

chenailianfenxi,zhizaoyejuyouxianzhudaidongjingjifazhandezhongyaozuoyong。guojijinrongweijibaofahou,geguogaoduzhongshizhizaoyefazhan,nulizengqiangbenguozhizaoyedeguojijingzhengli,yue80%dejishujinbuhechuangxinyingyongjizhongyuzhizaoye。xiangbizhixia,2016nianzhongguozhizaoyezhanjingjibizhongfengzhiwei32.45%,suihouchuxianbodongzhongqushixingxiajiang,2019niangaibizhongjiangzhi27.17%。yuanyinzhiyishizheixienianzhongguodezhizaoyeyuxunijingjizhijiandefazhanbupingheng,daozhizhizaoyecongyerenshuhezijinliurujunchengfanghuanshenzhixiajiangqushi。

“xinyilunjishugeminghuichanshengxinzhizaoye,womenzhongguozuoweifazhanzhongguojia,gongyehuajinchengyuanweijieshu,chanyelian、gongyinglianchuyuzhongdiduan,duandianhequexiangjiaoduo,fazhankongjianjiaoda。zhongguoyaogengjiazhongshifazhanzhizaoye,zheiyishipozaimeijiedeshi。”chenailianshuo。

congjinniandezhengfugongzuobaogaozhong,chenailianxinxierqingxidikandao,jinrong、shuizhi、keyanjilidenggegefangmianjixudalizhichizhizaoye,rutigaozhizaoyedaikuanbizhong,jiangzhizaoyeqiyejiajikouchubilitigaodao100%,yongshuishouyouhuijizhijiliqiyejiadayanfatouru,duixianjinzhizaoyeqiyeanyuequanetuihaizengzhishuizengliangliudishuie,kuodazhizaoyeshebeigengxinhejishugaizaotouzidengdeng。

“zheixiecuoshidouzuyishuoming,guojiazhengjiadajishuchuangxinheyaosuziyuanxiangzhizaoyeyouxiaojiju,zhangxianlenulizuodazuoqiangzhongguozhizaoyedejuexinhexinxin。”chenailianshuo。

提高制造业发展水平的关键在于“创新”

chuangye27nian,chenailianshizhongzhuanzhuyuzhizaoye。

“shisiwu”shiqi,suizhexinyilunkejigeminghechanyebiangeshenrufazhan,quanqiuzhizaoyeshengtaixitonghechanyebujujiangfashengzhongdabianhua,quanqiuchanyelian、gongyinglian、jiazhilianzhengzaishendudiaozheng,yidonghulianwang、rengongzhineng、dashujudengjishudegaosufazhan,jiangjichuantongzhizaoyedailaijudadefazhanyaliheqianjindongli。

chenailianrenwei,mianduixinfazhanjieduandexintezhenghexinyaoqiu,qiyezhiyouguanchexinfazhanlinian、rongruxinfazhangeju,xianzhutishenghexinjingzhengli、jiakuaizhuanxingshengjibufa,cainengzaiweijizhongyuxianji、yubianjuzhongkaixinju,chuangzaogaozhiliangfazhandeweidagongsi。

zaichenailiankanlai,weilaihengliangzhizaoyefazhanshuipingdeguanjianzaiyu“zhi”,erfei“liang”。

“ruheti‘zhi’?worenweiguanjianshizhongzaiyu‘chuangxin’erzi。jinnianlai,wanfengjituanyifangmianzaichuantongyoushichanyeqichebujianlingyubuduanwanshanquanqiuyanfatixi,yi‘qinglianghua’weizhuxian,jiakuaixiangzhinengzhizaozhuanxing,quanmiantishengzhizaonengli,buduantupogaoduanjishu,yanzhigaoduanchanpin;lingyifangmianjiakuaipeiyuxinchanye、chuangzaoxindongneng,jinjunzhanlvexingxinxingchanyetongyonghangkonghegaoduanzhuangbei,bingxunsushixianlejishuheshichangdelingpao。”chenailianshuo。

jutajieshao,wanfengmuqianyizhangwomeihejindaxingbobiyazhu、yeqihunhedianleng、zhuzaoqinglianghua、fuhecailiaojishensheji、zhuzaojihanjiejiqirenzizhusheji、tongyongfeijizhengjizizhushejideng10duoxiangguanjianhexinjishu,zaiguojishangchuyulingxianshuiping。

“womenhaizaineibubuduanwanshan‘jishutupozhuanxiangjijin’jianglifangan,jiaqiangyugaodengyuanxiaohekeyanjigoukaizhan‘chanxueyanyong’yitihuahezuo,zaixingyeneiqiantoutuijinchuangxinlianyuchanyelianshenduronghe,tongguobuduanchuangxin,lizhengzaicanyuquanqiuchanyefengong、zhengduoquanqiuchanyelianzuishangyoudejiaolizhongzouzaiqianlie。”chenailianshuo。

通航产业或将成为推动经济增长的又一重要引擎

jinnianquanguolianghuiqijian,chenailiantichuduoxiangaiyouxiappjiakuaiwoguotongyonghangkongchanyefazhandejianyi。

2015niankaishi,wanfengjituanqieruwanyijichanyedetongyonghangkongchanye,tongguokuaguobinggou,jianliqiyifeijizhengjizhizaoweihexin,fugaijichangjianshe、tonghangyunying、hangxiaopeixun、kongzhongbaozhang、feixingjulebudequanchanyelianpingtai,shengchanyongyouwanfengzizhuzhishichanquandeshijieqiansanqiangde“zuanshi”xilieqingxingyundongfeiji,chengweiguoneitonghanglingyudeshenglijun。

tongyonghangkongchanyeyiranchengweiwanfengweilaifazhandezhugongfangxiang,duiyutongyonghangkongchanyedefazhanqianjing,chenailianpoweikanhao。

tafenxishuo,2018nian,meiguogongyoutongyonghangkongqi21wanduojia,meiguotongyonghangkongjingjichanchudadao2470yimeiyuan,tonghangchanyegongtigonggongzuogangwei120wange,fuwuyutongyonghangkongdeqijiangsheshichaoguo19000ge,ertongqidezhongguozhiyoujiqianjiatongyongfeiji、jibaigetongyongjichang,jueduishuliangcunzaizhejingrendechaju。

zhideyitideshi,meiguoyongyoude21wanduojiatongyongfeijizhongchaoguo80%yongyuxiaofeileiyongtu。

“chajuzheimeda,yiweizhewomenyongyoujiweiguangkuodefazhankongjian。jinnianlai,zhongguotongyonghangkongshichangdefazhansudulingxianquanqiu,zaiquanqiutongyongfeijijiaofuliangxiajiangdedabeijingxia,zhongguoshichangyijuntuqi。2014nianzhi2019nian,woguotongyongfeijibaoyouliangnianjunzengzhanglvda14.2%。”chenailianshuo。

tongyonghangkongyejuyoupangdadechanyelian,touziladongxiaoyingyibanwei1:10,jiuyedaidongbiwei1:12。weilaijinian,feijizhizao、yunying、baozhang、renyuanpeixundengzhuduohuanjiegouchengdetongyonghangkongchanyezhengtijingjiguimokeguan。

“qianbujiu,zhonggongzhongyang、guowuyuanyinfale《guojiazonghelitijiaotongwangguihuagangyao》。worenwei,zaijianshe‘jiaotongqiangguo’‘hangkongqiangguo’,xingchenglitijiaotongwangdejinchengzhong,jixuyao‘datongzhudongmai’,youxuyao‘changtongweixunhuan’,tongyonghangkongzai‘changtongweixunhuan’fangmianjuyouwuketidaideduteyoushi。”chenailianshuo。

tarenwei,suizhewoguoshehuijingjidefazhanherenminshenghuoshuipingdetigao,duitongyonghangkongdexiaofeixuqiuyebiranhuikuaisushangsheng,tebieshizaidikongkongyuzhubufangkaihou,wurenji、tonghanglvyou、sirenfeixingdengyewudexuqiujiangchuxianmingxianzengliang。

“jiayishiri,ruguozhongguodetonghangfeijirenjunbaoyouliangdadaomeiguodeshuiping,yigewanyijidequanxinshichangjiujiangzaiwomenmianqiandakai,tonghangchanyekenengjiangchengweituidongzhongguojingjizengzhangdeyouyizhongyaoyinqing。”chenailianshuo。


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